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Rights activist Paul Kasonkomona (38) returns to court on Tuesday after his arrest in April for demanding that homosexuality be decriminalised in a television programme.
Barely a month later, 21-year-old barber Philip Mubiana and bricklayer James Mwape (20) were arrested and charged with sodomy.
Zambia's laws have outlawed same-sex relationships since colonialism under Britain and a sodomy conviction carries a 14-year prison sentence.
Yet these are the first such cases in recent history in the Southern African country amid an increasingly anti-gay climate. The government's hardline stance enjoys the backing of Christian organisations.
"How will I feed my family now because this is all I depend on for survival?
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Rights activists in Zambia such as Andrew Ntewewe noted increased threats against homosexuals in the country with concern.
"From what is happening, it's clear that we are an intolerant nation to individuals with different sexual orientation," said Ntewewe, who heads the organisation Young African Leaders Initiative (YALI).